​The reform on prostitution was initiated under the Parliamentary Secretary for Reforms, Citizenship and Simplification of Administrative Processes in 2019, when a public consultation​ was launched to gather feedback on measures relating to Malta’s prostitution reform. The consultation process gathered feedback from governmental and non-governmental experts working in the field.

As of 2020, the Human Rights Directorate within the Ministry for Home Affairs, Security, Reforms and Equality​ has been tasked with spearheading the reform on prostitution and will act as the coordinating body of stakeholders working in this field.