​The reform on prostitution was initiated under the Parliamentary Secretary for Reforms, Citizenship and Simplification of Administrative Processes in 2019, when a public consultation​ was launched to gather feedback on measures relating to Malta’s prostitution reform. The consultation process gathered feedback from governmental and non-governmental experts working in the field.

As of 2020, the Human Rights Directorate within the Ministry for Equality, Research and Innovation has been tasked with spearheading the reform on prostitution and will act as the coordinating body of stakeholders working in this field.