Trafficking in human beings is a complex, multi-faceted crime that gravely violates of human rights, and affects many countries, including Malta. The crime intersects with a number of issues, including migration, economic hardship, fundamental rights, rule of law, law enforcement and crime control, inequality and discrimination, among others.

The Unit collaborates closely with a number of entities from different Ministries to ensure a holistic anti-trafficking strategy to its intersectional features.

Malta also collaborates extensively with European and international organisations to advance global cooperation, share best practices, and uphold its commitments under applicable laws.

All Equal Project - Foundation for Social Welfare Services (FSWS) – co-funded by the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (2014-2020)

The Directorate works closely with other Ministries and entities on various levels. Similarly, the Unit is participating in the project All Equal: Supporting Victims of Human Trafficking funded by the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (2014-2020) and being implemented by Aġenzija Appoġġ within the Foundation for Social Welfare Services (FSWS). The aim of the project is to provide support to TCNs who are victims of human trafficking by promoting and safeguarding their pyschological wellbeing and empowering them to re-gain control and lead independent lives. The Malta Police Force and the Ministry for Home Affairs, Security, Reforms and Equality are the official partners of the project. 

As part of the project deliverables, a series of roundtables are being organized to which the Human Rights Initiatives Unit contributes. During these meetings relevant stakeholders discuss ways in which they can collaborate further between them to ensure the maximum protection and support to victims of trafficking.

In collaboration with the All Equal Project, a series of outreach sessions within the migrant community are being organised to raise awareness on what is human trafficking, how to identify signs of trafficking, where to report and the services available to potential victims of trafficking. The first session took place as part of the Blue Heart Campaign 2022​, and aims to contribute towards the implementation of Action 11 of the National Action Plan on Human Trafficking 2020-2023.​

Malta Police Force

The Unit works closely with the Malta Police Force particularly on prosecution elements of the crime, but not only. A training programme will be launched for the benefit of police officials, in particular border control officers and police officers at border crossing points in relation to the identification of potential human trafficking cases, as part of enhancing identification efforts. The programme will focus on the drafting of a check list to assist risk of human trafficking, and training in relation to the referral of potential cases. This action will also contribute to the FRONTEX Action Plan on anti-trafficking.

Commission on Gender-Based Vi​olence and Domestic Violence (CDV) - Guidelines for Multiagency for the Protection and Support of Victims of Human Trafficking

The Group of Experts on Action agianst Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (GREVIO) strongly encourages the Maltese authorities to set up institutionalised structures for co-ordination and co-operation among all of the different governmental and non-governmental agencies and service providers to ensure multi-agency co-operation based on a gendered understanding of violence against women and domestic violence and focusing on the human rights and safety of victims, as well as on their empowerment and economic independence.

Such structures for co-ordination and co-operations shall address all forms of violence against women, beyond domestic violence. This includes guidelines and co-operation procedures / protocols for authorities dealing with violence against women, as well as a system for sharing expertise and experience in handling such cases, such as the MARAM. GREVIO strongly encourages the inclusion of specialist women's support services run by NGOs in any formal and informal co-operation structures. Work on MARAM kick started through a project entitled Full Cooperation: Zero Violence. Full Cooperation Zero Violence - Final Report.pdf

Given that the Human Rights Directorate assumed the function of National Rapporteur on the implimentation of the Directive 2011/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2011 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims, the Commission for Gender-Based Violence and Domestic Violence and the Human Rights Initiatives Unit have joined forces to formalise guidelines on human trafficking and identify ways through which the two can assist one another on addressing GREVIO's recommended for formalised multiagency ​guidelines for all forms of violence against women.

National and Transnational Collaborations

The unit closely collaborates with other government ministries through their relevant Programme Development and Programme Implementation (PDPI) offices and associated entities as part of its national and international efforts to coordinate actions and measures on human trafficking. The Unit recently held events in connection with the Blue Heart Campaign, and they used the occasion to talk about the components of crime and the ways that Ministries may work together to eliminate it and offer the best support and protection to victims. Through these gatherings, discussions of a transnational nature were also held with the participation of diplomats from embassies based in Malta and guest speakers from the UNODC and GRETA. More information may be obtained here​.